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Soft Robotics

Editor-in-Chief: Barry A. Trimmer, PhD

ISSN: 2169-5172 • Published Quarterly • Online ISSN: 2169-5180

Current Volume: 1

For Authors

  • Manuscript Submissions
  • NIH/HHMI Wellcome Trust Policies
  • Self-Archiving Policy
  • Open Access Policy
  • Manuscript Submissions


    Soft Robotics, a peer-reviewed journal dedicated to the innovation of engineering and technology for the design and use of soft materials in mobile machines. The Journal breaks new ground as the first to address this emerging, widely-recognized, and increasingly adopted area of research, design, and development.  It is a journal for research into the urgent need for robots that can safely interact with living systems and function in complex natural, or human-built, environments. The Journal covers topics related to device development in these fields, such as soft material creation, characterization, and modeling; flexible and degradable electronics; soft actuators and sensors; control and simulation of highly deformable structures; biomechanics and control of soft animals and tissues; biohybrid devices and living machines; and design and fabrication of conformable machines. Soft Robotics is a multidisciplinary approach that will incorporate biomaterials, neuromechanical controllers, and evolutionary concepts into the successful design of novel machines.

    All manuscripts should be submitted via our online submission site:  http://mc.manuscriptcentral.com/soro  

    Please read all the instructions to authors before submitting.



    All manuscripts should be prepared in Word.  Do not upload PDFs of any text files.

    Original Research Papers: The title page should include the authors' names and affiliations, the source of a work or study (if any), and a running title of about 45 characters. Please indicate the author to whom correspondence should be sent when you submit. The abstract should be no more than 250 words and should be self-explanatory without reference to the text. Abstracts should be structured and contain separate sections as follows: Objective, Materials and Methods, Results, and Conclusion. Perspective papers should follow this format: Abstract (unstructured), Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results, Discussion, Acknowledgments, Author Disclosure, and References. The body of the paper should not exceed 3,000 words. At the end of the manuscript, give the name and address of the individual to whom correspondence should be directed.

    Brief Communications: An abstract of 100 words should outline the purpose, methodology, and results of the communication. The format for the body of the manuscript may vary depending upon the nature of the report but may not exceed 2,000 words. References should be included at the end of the manuscript.

    Reviews: An abstract of 100 words should state the subject of the review and its importance. The abstract should summarize the most important points of the review. The body of the manuscript should take on headings appropriate for the topic (for example: Introduction, Technology Issues, Regulatory Issues, Clinical Studies). The body of the text should not exceed 3,000 words.

    Other Communications: The editors welcome letters concerning items published in the Journal. Book reviews and potential news items are also welcome.

    Please adhere to the following instructions to avoid delays in processing.


    Use Arabic numerals to number tables. Do not repeat information that is given in the text, and do not make a table for data that can be given in the text in one or two sentences. Provide titles for all tables. Define all acronyms in table footnotes. All other types of table footnotes should be designated using superscript letters, not symbols.

    When naming your figure files, please label them with the author's last name, followed by the figure number. Ex: SmithFig1.tif. Label figures and tables inside the files in addition to naming the file with the figure or table number. (i.e.: When figures or table files are opened, the figure or table number should appear inside the file.)

    Electronic submission of art MUST follow these guidelines:

    1. Do not include any illustrations as part of your text file.
    2. Do not prepare any figures in Word as they are not workable. 
    3. Line illustrations must be submitted at a minimum of 900 DPI.
    4. Halftones and color photos should be submitted at a minimum of 300 DPI. 
    5. Please submit only TIFF or EPS files of figures and/or illustrations.  Avoid submitting PDFs as figure files.
    6. Color art must be saved as CYMK not RGB. If RGB files are submitted, the files will be converted to CYMK, and some color variation may occur.
    7. PowerPoint or Excel files cannot be uploaded.


    Reference citations are not permitted in the abstract of a paper. References should be presented in the following style:

    Margheri L, Laschi C, Mazzolai B. Soft robotic arm inspired by the octopus: I. From biological functions to artificial requirements. Bioinspir Biomim. 2012 Jun;7(2):025004.

    Robot Ethics: The Ethical and Social Implications of Robotics (Intelligent Robotics and Autonomous Agents series)  Lin P,  Abney K, Bekey GA. (Eds).  Cambridge, MA; MIT Press: 2011.

    If it is necessary to cite an abstract, this should be so designated. Authors are responsible for the accuracy of the reference and are reminded that inaccurate references are highly frustrating to the reader, the cited author, and indexing services. Abbreviations of journal titles should follow Medline


    Follow the Uniform Guidelines for manuscripts submitted to biomedical journals (Ann Intern Med 1988; 108:258-265). Papers will be edited to conform to the individual style of Soft Robotics.


    The author must obtain permission to reproduce figures, tables, and text from previously published material, even if it is the author's own work. Written permission must be obtained from the original copyright holder (generally the publisher, not the author or editor) of the journal or book concerned. An appropriate credit line should be included in the figure legend or table footnote, and full publication information should be included in the reference list. Written permission must be obtained from the author of any unpublished material cited from other institutions and should accompany the manuscript. 


    Authors must acknowledge all funding sources supporting the work. 


    Immediately following the Acknowledgments section, include a section entitled “Author Disclosure Statement.”

    All authors must disclose any associations that pose real or perceived conflicts of interest in connection with the manuscript. Authors should also disclose any financial interests that they may have in the company supporting the work. This statement should include appropriate information for EACH author, thereby representing that competing financial interests of all authors have been appropriately disclosed according to the policy of the Journal. It is important that all conflicts of interest, whether they are perceived, potential, or actual be disclosed. This information will remain confidential while the paper is being reviewed and will not influence the editorial decision. Please see the Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals for further guidance. If no conflicts exist, the authors must state “No competing financial interests exist."


    Reprints may be ordered by following the special instructions that will accompany page proofs, and should be ordered at the time the corresponding author returns the corrected page proofs to the Publisher. Reprints ordered after an issue is printed will be charged at a substantially higher rate.

    Soft Robotics publishes 4 issues annually by Mary Ann Liebert, Inc., publishers, 140 Huguenot Street, New Rochelle, NY 10801-5215. Telephone: (914) 740–2100; Fax: (914) 740–2101; Online:  www.liebertpub.com/SoRo

  • NIH/HHMI Wellcome Trust Policies

    NIH Public Access Policy: In order to assist our authors who have NIH funding to comply with this policy, Mary Ann Liebert, Inc. publishers will deposit the final accepted paper (after copy-editing and proofreading) to PubMed Central (PMC) on behalf of the authors. Authors need not take any action. The manuscript's public access posting on PMC will occur 12 months after final publication. This service is provided free of charge. Please note that authors may not deposit manuscripts directly to PMC or other sites without permission from Mary Ann Liebert, Inc.

  • Self-Archiving Policy

    Mary Ann Liebert, Inc. is a "blue" publisher (as defined by Sherpa), as we allow self-archiving of post-print (ie final draft post-refereeing) or publisher's version/PDF.

    In assigning Mary Ann Liebert, Inc. copyright, the author retains the right to deposit such a 'post-print' on their own website, or on their institution's intranet, or within the Institutional Repository of their institution or company of employment, on the following condition, and with the following acknowledgement:

    This is a copy of an article published in the [JOURNAL TITLE] © [year of publication] [copyright Mary Ann Liebert, Inc.]; [JOURNAL TITLE] is available online at: http://online.liebertpub.com.

    Authors may also deposit this version on his/her funder's or funder's designated repository at the funder's request or as a result of a legal obligation, provided it is not made publicly available until 12 months after official publication.

  • Open Access Policy

    Choose Liebert Open Access Option!

    Ensure maximum visibility, discoverability, and impact for your article with our Liebert Open Access (OA) Option.

    Your investment guarantees:

    • Immediate, unrestricted global access in 170 countries
    • Maximum visibility for increased readers, citations, and downloads
    • Targeted email announcement highlighting your article to thousands of thought-leaders in your field
    • Rapid, rigorous peer-review and editorial attention
    • Fast Track online-ahead-of-print publication
    • Immediate upload to PubMed Central and other internationally recognized repositories*
    • Recognition on online Table of Contents with exclusive OA icon
    • Compliance with OA funding mandates with no embargo period
    • Savings on future OA article publication
    • Complimentary membership in AuthorCite®, the author services platform exclusively licensed by Mary Ann Liebert, Inc. that delivers the tools you need to maximize your professional impact.

    These valuable benefits are included with a one-time article processing charge (APC). APC charge varies based on journal, membership, and subsequent submissions.

    Contact openaccess@liebertpub.com for questions on article Open Access options. 

     *Please note that PubMedCentral, not the Publisher, has sole control over when the paper is made live on PMC.


    Is your Institution a member of the Liebert Author Advocacy Program?

    The Liebert Author Advocacy Program (LAAP) provides valuable membership benefits for OA publication to institutional and funding organizations, and supports global funding mandates.  Authors who are affiliated with LAAP member institutions receive all the valuable benefits of Liebert OA article publication, and more.

    For details, and to recommend institutional membership visit: www.authoradvocacy.com or contact laap@liebertpub.com 




The views, opinions, findings, conclusions and recommendations set forth in any Journal article are solely those of the authors of those articles and do not necessarily reflect the views, policy or position of the Journal, its Publisher, its editorial staff or any affiliated Societies and should not be attributed to any of them.

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