Please read all the instructions to authors before submitting.
Language must conform to acceptable English usage and syntax. The contents must be clear, accurate, coherent, and logical. The Editors will also consider its originality, teaching value, and validity.
Please refer to the Word Limit section of these instructions for guidance on manuscript types and length. Occasional exceptions to these limitations may be made at the discretion of the Editor-in-Chief. To facilitate a quick review of manuscripts, authors are encouraged to suggest names of three to five potential reviewers with complete contact information when the manuscript is submitted.
The corresponding author is responsible for communicating with coauthors to make sure they have completed the online copyright form. Authors not permitted to release copyright must still return the form acknowledging the statement of the reason for not releasing the copyright.
Manuscript Submission and Review
Manuscripts should be submitted with the understanding that they have neither been published, nor are under consideration for publication elsewhere, except in the form of an abstract. Prior abstract publications should be described in the form of a footnote to the title. Published manuscripts become the sole property of the Journal and will be copyrighted. By submitting a paper to the Journal, the author (or authors) agrees to each of the above conditions. In addition, the author (or authors) explicitly assigns any copyrighted ownership he/she (or they) may have in such paper to the Journal.
Please include a cover letter with your submission.
Manuscript Types and Word Limits**
Word limits on the various types of manuscript types are as follows:
Original/Invited article: 3,000 words; 350 word maximum for abstracts
Review articles: 7,000 words; 350 word maximum for abstract (if applicable)
Commentaries: 1,500 words; 150 word maximum for abstract (if applicable)
Perspectives: 5,000 words; 350 word maximum for abstract (if applicable)
Letters to the Editor: 1,000 words
Brief Report: 3,000 words; (350 word maximum for abstracts)
Guest Editorials: 750 words
Meeting Reports: 2,000 words
Point/Counterpoint By invitation only
Roundtable Discussions By invitation only
**Abstracts, references, figure legends, tables, disclosures, and acknowledgements do not count towards the word limits.
Preparation of Manuscripts
Papers must be submitted via upload in a word processing format, preferably in Microsoft Word. Please do not include any figures and/or tables within the main text document. Tables should be submitted in individual Word files. Figures should be supplied in separate files, be labeled clearly, and should be in TIFF or EPS formats. Please see the Illustrations section for further details on art submission.
All text must be double-spaced, including body, footnotes, references, legends, and tables. The title page should carry the full paper title, followed by the authors’ names, highest-received academic degree, and where the work was performed. Also include a short title (running head) with a maximum of 45 characters (including spaces). Please indicate the corresponding author on the title page.
An abstract should accompany every original submission, as noted herein. Abstracts should appear on their own separate page of the manuscript file. It should consist of factual information and not generalities (the problem investigated, the method used, the results obtained, and the conclusions reached). A brief Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results, Discussion, Conclusions, Acknowledgments, Disclosure, and Reference sections should follow. At the conclusion of the references, the name and complete address of the corresponding author should appear.
If a statistical analysis is performed, an explanation of how it was performed must be stated at the end of the section preceding results. Unusual or complex methods of analysis should be referenced.
References in text should be numerical using superscripted numbers. Do not include brackets or parentheses. Text references must be supplied in sequence for all tables and figures.
The references must be double-spaced and must be cited in the text in numerical order, not alphabetically. References to journal papers should include (1) Authors (first three, then et al), (2) article title, (3) journal name (as abbreviated in Medline), (4) year; (5) volume number: (6) inclusive page range, in that order. Abbreviate journal names according to PubMed/Medline.
Ohno-Machado L. Big science, big data, and a big role for biomedical informatics. J Am Med Inform Assoc 2012; 19:e1.
References to books should include (1) author(s), (2) chapter title (if any), (3) editor (if any), (4) title of book, (5) city of publication, (6) publisher, (7) year, and (8) page range if chapter is used. Volume and edition numbers, and name of translator should be included when appropriate. The author is responsible for the accuracy and completeness of the references.
Franks B. Taming the big data tidal wave: Finding opportunities in huge data streams with ddvanced analytics. New York: Wiley & Sons, Inc. 2012.
Please follow these guidelines for submitting figures:
- Do NOT embed art files into a Word or PDF document. Figures provided in this format cannot be used for production purposes.
- Line illustrations should be submitted at 900 dpi
- Halftones and color should be submitted at a minimum of 300 dpi
- Save as either TIFF or EPS files. JPEG files are for screen representation-quality only and will print very poorly during the printing process. To ensure proper print quality, please submit only TIFF or EPS files.
- Color art must be saved as CYMK—not RGB. (NB: If RGB files are submitted, the files will be converted to CYMK and some color variation will occur.)
- Black and white art must be submitted as grayscale—not RGB.
Do NOT submit Bitmap or Excel files. When naming your figure and table files, please label them with the main author’s last name, followed by a period (.), and then list the figure number. Ex: Smith.Fig1; Smith.Table1.
Illustrations taken from other publications must be acknowledged by a complete credit line in the legend. The publisher’s letter of permission should be submitted to Big Data.
Additional information about converting figure files:
Converting Word or Excel files:
Perhaps the best and easiest way to convert Word or Excel files into a format which is suitable for print is to scan them using the below guidelines:
- Files should be scanned at 100% size
- 300 dpi
- Final color mode: CMYK
- Save file as: .tif or .eps
If you need directions on how to convert a PowerPoint slide to acceptable format go to: www.liebertpub.com/MEDIA/pdf/ppconvert.pdf
Please upload individual files of all manuscript material—do NOT upload a single PDF file containing all text, figure, and table files of your paper. Once all individual files are uploaded on to Manuscript Central, the system will automatically create a single PDF proof for you and the peer-review process.
Author Disclosure Statement
Immediately following the Acknowledgments section, include a section entitled Author Disclosure Statement. This text must be part of your actual manuscript file. In this portion of the paper, authors must disclose any real or potential commercial associations that might create a conflict of interest in connection with submitted manuscripts. This statement should include appropriate information for EACH author, thereby representing that competing financial interests of all authors have been appropriately disclosed according to the policy of the Journal. It is important that all conflicts of interest, whether they are actual or potential, be disclosed. This information will remain confidential while the paper is being reviewed and will not influence the editorial decision.
Please see the Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals at www.icmje.org/index.html#conflicts for further guidance. If no conflicts exist, the authors must state ‘‘No competing financial interests exist.’’
After Acceptance of a Submitted Manuscript
An e-mail containing a link to the PDF file of the page proof is sent to the corresponding author. The proof should be read carefully and returned promptly to the Publisher with the author’s approval and/or corrections.
Reprints may be ordered by following the special instructions that will accompany page proofs, and should be ordered at the time the corresponding author returns the corrected page proofs to the Publisher. Reprints ordered after an issue is printed will be charged at a substantially higher rate.
The Journal is published quarterly by Mary Ann Liebert, Inc., 140 Huguenot Street, New Rochelle, NY 10801-5215, Tel: (914) 740-2100; Fax: (914) 740-2101; E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org; Website: www.liebertpub.com/big