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Published Online: 9 July 2004

Immunotherapy of Malignant Melanoma in a SCID Mouse Model Using the Highly Cytotoxic Natural Killer Cell Line NK-92

Publication: Journal of Hematotherapy
Volume 8, Issue Number 3

Abstract

In this work, we evaluated the potential of the natural killer (NK) cell line NK-92 and its IL-2-independent variants NK-92MI and CI, as immunotherapy for melanoma. In vitro, we found that NK-92 was much more cytotoxic to a number of human melanoma cell lines than lymphokine-activated killer (LAK) cells, particularly at low effector/target (E:T) ratios. In vivo treatment of mice challenged with MEWO melanoma cells with i.v. administered NK-92 and NK-92-MI resulted in a 1.5-2.5-fold increase in average length of survival. NK-92, MI, and CI were also effective against the WM1341 cell line, causing a 2-5-fold increase in survival when administered before the malignant cells. With s.c. injection, MEWO and WM1341 caused a primary tumor mass, secondary tumors, and metastatic cells. NK-92 cells reduced WM1341 primary tumor size by 40-90% and MEWO tumors by 30-75%. Similar results were seen with NK-92MI and CI. These data show that NK-92 cells are highly cytotoxic to human melanoma cells in vitro and in vivo and suggest that treatment with NK-92 cells may be a potentially effective immunotherapeutic modality in melanoma.

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cover image Journal of Hematotherapy
Journal of Hematotherapy
Volume 8Issue Number 3June 1999
Pages: 281 - 290
PubMed: 10417052

History

Published online: 9 July 2004
Published in print: June 1999

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