Research Article
No access
Published Online: 5 July 2004

Gender Differences in Perceived Health-Related Quality of Life Among Patients with HIV Infection

Publication: AIDS PATIENT CARE and STDs
Volume 15, Issue Number 1

Abstract

This article explores how a group of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients perceived their health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in relation to their coping capacity expressed as sense of coherence. The emphasis was on gender differences. The sample consisted of 55 women (29%) and 134 men (71%), receiving outpatient medical care in a hospital. Self-report instruments, the health index, the HIV symptom scale, the well-being scale, the sense of coherence (SOC) scale and the Interview Schedule for Social Interaction were used. Disease status (HIV CDC classification, absolute CD4+ lymphocyte count and HIV/RNA) was also measured, and demographic data were collected. The total sample scored significantly worse self-rated health and weaker SOC than healthy controls. The HIV-infected women were significantly younger than the men (p < 0.0001). The majority of the women (60%) were infected by heterosexual transmission and of the men (58%) by homosexual/bisexual contacts. In the univariate analysis the women scored significantly less positive well-being (p < 0.05), weaker SOC (p < 0.05), and less social support (p < 0.01) than the men despite less advanced disease. Multiple regression analyses revealed that SOC was the strongest predictor of subjective HRQOL in both genders. The results suggest that health professionals who individualize their care of HIV-infected patients should try to be sensitive to the different ways in which men and women express their HRQOL.

Get full access to this article

View all available purchase options and get full access to this article.

Information & Authors

Information

Published In

cover image AIDS Patient Care and STDs
AIDS PATIENT CARE and STDs
Volume 15Issue Number 1January 2001
Pages: 31 - 39
PubMed: 11177586

History

Published online: 5 July 2004
Published in print: January 2001

Permissions

Request permissions for this article.

Topics

Authors

Affiliations

Claes Cederfjäll, RN
Division of Nursing Research at Karolinska Hospital, Department of Nursing, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden
Ann Langius-Eklöf, RN, PhD
Division of Nursing Research at Karolinska Hospital, Department of Nursing, Department of Medicine, Karolinska Hospital, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden
Knut Lidman, PhD, MD
Department of Infectious Diseases, Karolinska Hospital, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden
Regina Wredling, RN, PhD
Division of Nursing Research at Karolinska Hospital, Department of Nursing, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden

Metrics & Citations

Metrics

Citations

Export citation

Select the format you want to export the citations of this publication.

View Options

Get Access

Access content

To read the fulltext, please use one of the options below to sign in or purchase access.

Society Access

If you are a member of a society that has access to this content please log in via your society website and then return to this publication.

Restore your content access

Enter your email address to restore your content access:

Note: This functionality works only for purchases done as a guest. If you already have an account, log in to access the content to which you are entitled.

View options

PDF/EPUB

View PDF/ePub

Media

Figures

Other

Tables

Share

Share

Copy the content Link

Share on social media

Back to Top