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Published Online: 14 January 2013

Does Traditional Chinese Medicine Pattern Affect Acupoint Specific Effect?
Analysis of Data from a Multicenter, Randomized, Controlled Trial for Primary Dysmenorrhea

Publication: The Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine
Volume 19, Issue Number 1

Abstract

Objectives: This study assessed the importance of the Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) pattern on an acupoint-specific effect.
Design: This was a TCM pattern subdivision analysis of the first intervention data from a multicenter, randomized, controlled trial (ISRCTN24863192) (the main trial).
Settings: The main trial recruited participants from six hospitals in three provinces in China.
Subjects: Five hundred and one (501) participants diagnosed with primary dysmenorrhea (PD) were enrolled in the main trial.
Interventions: The main trial randomly and equally divided participants into three treatment groups with bilateral electroacupuncture at three sites, respectively: Sanyinjiao (SP6), Xuanzhong (GB39), and an adjacent nonacupoint. Participants were diagnosed with TCM patterns before the treatment. The intervention was carried out when the visual analogue scale (VAS) score of participant's menstrual pain was ≥40 mm on the first day of menstruation and lasted for 30 minutes.
Outcome measures: The immediate improvement of pain was measured with a 100-mm VAS before the intervention, at 5 minutes, 10 minutes, and 30 minutes during the intervention, and at 30 minutes after the completion of this intervention.
Results: Three (3) TCM patterns (n=320) were eligible for analysis, including Cold and Dampness Stagnation pattern (n=184), Qi and Blood Stagnation pattern (n=84), and Qi and Blood Deficiency pattern (n=52). In Cold and Dampness Stagnation pattern, the SP6 group had a significant reduction in VAS scores compared with the GB39 group (mean difference −7.6 mm) and the nonacupoint group (mean difference −8.2 mm), respectively. There was no difference between the latter two groups. There were no group differences in VAS scores in the other two patterns.
Conclusions: It suggested that TCM pattern might affect acupoint specific effect on the immediate pain relief obtained for participants with PD.

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cover image The Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine
The Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine
Volume 19Issue Number 1January 2013
Pages: 43 - 49
PubMed: 22823583

History

Published online: 14 January 2013
Published in print: January 2013
Published ahead of print: 23 July 2012

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Yu-qi Liu
*
School of Acupuncture-Moxibustion and Tuina, Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, Beijing, China.
Liang-xiao Ma*
School of Acupuncture-Moxibustion and Tuina, Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, Beijing, China.
The Key Unit of State Administration of Traditional Chinese Medicine: Evaluation of Characteristic Acupuncture Therapy, Beijing, China.
Jian-min Xing
Centre for Evidence-Based Chinese Medicine, Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, Beijing, China.
Hui-juan Cao
Centre for Evidence-Based Chinese Medicine, Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, Beijing, China.
Yan-xia Wang
Dongzhimen Hospital Affiliated to Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, Beijing, China.
Ling Tang
Dongzhimen Hospital Affiliated to Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, Beijing, China.
Min Li
China-Japan Friendship Hospital, Beijing, China.
Ying Wang
China-Japan Friendship Hospital, Beijing, China.
Yan Liang
Beijing Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine affiliated to Capital Medical University, Beijing, China.
Ling-yun Pu
Beijing Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine affiliated to Capital Medical University, Beijing, China.
Xiao-mei Yu
Huguosi Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine affiliated to Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, Beijing, China.
Li-zhu Guo
Huguosi Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine affiliated to Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, Beijing, China.
Ji-ling Jin
The First Hospital affiliated to Tianjin College of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Tianjin, China.
Zhe Wang
The First Hospital affiliated to Tianjin College of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Tianjin, China.
Hong-mei Ju
Shandong University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Jinan, Shandong Province, China.
Yu-mei Jiang
Shandong University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Jinan, Shandong Province, China.
Jing-jun Liu
Shandong University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Jinan, Shandong Province, China.
Hong-wen Yuan
School of Acupuncture-Moxibustion and Tuina, Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, Beijing, China.
Chun-hua Li
School of Acupuncture-Moxibustion and Tuina, Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, Beijing, China.
Peng Zhang
School of Acupuncture-Moxibustion and Tuina, Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, Beijing, China.
Yan-fen She
School of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Hebei Medical University, Shi Jiazhuang, Hebei Province, China.
Jian-ping Liu
Centre for Evidence-Based Chinese Medicine, Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, Beijing, China.
Jiang Zhu
School of Acupuncture-Moxibustion and Tuina, Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, Beijing, China.
The Key Unit of State Administration of Traditional Chinese Medicine: Evaluation of Characteristic Acupuncture Therapy, Beijing, China.

Notes

Address correspondence to:Jiang Zhu, MDSchool of Acupuncture–Moxibustion and TuinaBeijing University of Chinese MedicineNo. 11 Bei San Huan Dong LuChaoyang DistrictBeijing 100029China
E-mail: [email protected]

Disclosure Statement

No competing financial interests exist.

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