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Published Online: 16 February 2015

The Phantom Leaf Effect: A Replication, Part 1

Publication: The Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine
Volume 21, Issue Number 2


Objectives: To replicate the phantom leaf effect and demonstrate a possible means to directly observe properties of the biological field.
Design: Thirty percent to 60% of plant leaves were amputated, and the remaining leaf sections were photographed with corona discharge imaging. All leaves were cut before placement on film. A total of 137 leaves were used.
Subjects: Plant leaves of 14 different species.
Results: Ninety-six phantom leaf specimens were successfully obtained; 41 specimens did not yield the phantom leaf effect.
Conclusions: A normally undetected phantom “structure,” possibly evidence of the biological field, can persist in the area of an amputated leaf section, and corona discharge can occur from this invisible structure. This protocol may suggest a testable method to study properties of conductivity and other parameters through direct observation of the complete biological field in plant leaves, with broad implications for biology and physics.

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Published In

cover image The Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine
The Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine
Volume 21Issue Number 2February 2015
Pages: 83 - 90
PubMed: 25603488


Published online: 16 February 2015
Published in print: February 2015
Published ahead of print: 20 January 2015


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    John Hubacher
    Pantheon Research Inc., Venice, CA.


    Address correspondence to:John Hubacher, MAPantheon Research Inc.626a Venice BoulevardVenice, CA 90291E-mail: [email protected]

    Author Disclosure Statement

    No competing financial relationships exist. The author in the past has manufactured Kirlian photography apparatus for research and sale through the electro medical company Pantheon Research Inc.

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