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Published Online: 12 October 2009

Public Health and Medical Responses to the 1957-58 Influenza Pandemic

Publication: Biosecurity and Bioterrorism: Biodefense Strategy, Practice, and Science
Volume 7, Issue Number 3

Abstract

As the U.S. prepares to respond this fall and winter to pandemic (H1N1) 2009, a review of the 1957-58 pandemic of Asian influenza (H2N2) could be useful for planning purposes because of the many similarities between the 2 pandemics. Using historical surveillance reports, published literature, and media coverage, this article provides an overview of the epidemiology of and response to the 1957-58 influenza pandemic in the U.S., during which an estimated 25% of the population became infected with the new pandemic virus strain. While it cannot be predicted with absolute certainty how the H1N1 pandemic might play out in the U.S. this fall, lessons from the 1957-58 influenza pandemic provide useful and practical insights for current planning and response efforts.

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cover image Biosecurity and Bioterrorism: Biodefense Strategy, Practice, and Science
Biosecurity and Bioterrorism: Biodefense Strategy, Practice, and Science
Volume 7Issue Number 3September 2009
Pages: 265 - 273
PubMed: 19656012

History

Published online: 12 October 2009
Published in print: September 2009
Published ahead of print: 5 August 2009
Accepted: 28 July 2009
Received: 21 July 2009

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D. A. Henderson
D. A. Henderson, MD, MPH, is a Distinguished Scholar; Brooke Courtney, JD, MPH, is an Associate; Thomas V. Inglesby, MD, is Deputy Director and Chief Operating Officer; Eric Toner, MD, is a Senior Associate; and Jennifer B. Nuzzo, SM, is an Associate; all are at the Center for Biosecurity of the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center (UPMC), Baltimore, Maryland.
Brooke Courtney
D. A. Henderson, MD, MPH, is a Distinguished Scholar; Brooke Courtney, JD, MPH, is an Associate; Thomas V. Inglesby, MD, is Deputy Director and Chief Operating Officer; Eric Toner, MD, is a Senior Associate; and Jennifer B. Nuzzo, SM, is an Associate; all are at the Center for Biosecurity of the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center (UPMC), Baltimore, Maryland.
Thomas V. Inglesby
D. A. Henderson, MD, MPH, is a Distinguished Scholar; Brooke Courtney, JD, MPH, is an Associate; Thomas V. Inglesby, MD, is Deputy Director and Chief Operating Officer; Eric Toner, MD, is a Senior Associate; and Jennifer B. Nuzzo, SM, is an Associate; all are at the Center for Biosecurity of the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center (UPMC), Baltimore, Maryland.
Eric Toner
D. A. Henderson, MD, MPH, is a Distinguished Scholar; Brooke Courtney, JD, MPH, is an Associate; Thomas V. Inglesby, MD, is Deputy Director and Chief Operating Officer; Eric Toner, MD, is a Senior Associate; and Jennifer B. Nuzzo, SM, is an Associate; all are at the Center for Biosecurity of the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center (UPMC), Baltimore, Maryland.
Jennifer B. Nuzzo
D. A. Henderson, MD, MPH, is a Distinguished Scholar; Brooke Courtney, JD, MPH, is an Associate; Thomas V. Inglesby, MD, is Deputy Director and Chief Operating Officer; Eric Toner, MD, is a Senior Associate; and Jennifer B. Nuzzo, SM, is an Associate; all are at the Center for Biosecurity of the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center (UPMC), Baltimore, Maryland.

Notes

Address correspondence to:
Brooke Courtney, JD, MPH
Associate
Center for Biosecurity of UPMC
621 East Pratt St., Ste. 210
Baltimore, MD 21202
E-mail: [email protected]

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