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Published Online: 13 May 2010

Variation Among Rainbow Trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) Estrogen Receptor Isoform 3′ Untranslated Regions and the Effect of 17β-Estradiol on mRNA Stability in Hepatocyte Culture

Publication: DNA and Cell Biology
Volume 29, Issue Number 5

Abstract

Adenine and uridine (AU)–rich elements in the 3′ untranslated region (3′UTR) have been implicated in the 17β-estradiol (E2) stabilization of vertebrate estrogen receptor (ER) mRNAs. To date, fishes have the most complex arrangement of nuclear ERs with up to two isoforms of each of the two genes in some species (i.e., four different ERs). The objective of this study was to analyze the sequence variation of 3′UTRs among the four ER isoforms in the rainbow trout and determine to what degree it is responsible for the estrogen-induced increase of ER mRNAs in the liver of this fish. This was done by comparing the 3′UTR DNA sequence length and composition, and by measuring expression of ER isoform 3′UTR luciferase reporter constructs in primary cultures of trout hepatocytes treated with E2. There were large differences both in overall length and in sequence composition among the four ER isoform 3′UTRs. The ERα1 sequence was the longest and the only one of the four that contained multiple copies of the canonical AU-rich elements (AUUUA) as well as the stability sequence (GCUGAU). E2 treatment significantly increased the luciferase activity in cells transiently transfected with the ERα1 reporter construct, relative to cells transfected with reporter vectors containing the other three ER isoform 3′UTRs or the parental vector control. These results support the hypothesis that the E2-induced increase in hepatic ERα1 mRNA in rainbow trout is due in part to sequence variability among ER isoform 3′UTRs. We conclude that posttranscriptional stabilization of ER mRNA by E2 appears to be conserved among vertebrates.

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cover image DNA and Cell Biology
DNA and Cell Biology
Volume 29Issue Number 5May 2010
Pages: 229 - 234
PubMed: 20438355

History

Published online: 13 May 2010
Published ahead of print: 3 May 2010
Published in print: May 2010
Accepted: 17 December 2009
Revision received: 16 December 2009
Received: 17 November 2009

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Josh Boyce-Derricott
Department of Biological Sciences and Center for Reproductive Biology, University of Idaho, Moscow, Idaho.
James J. Nagler
Department of Biological Sciences and Center for Reproductive Biology, University of Idaho, Moscow, Idaho.
Joseph G. Cloud
Department of Biological Sciences and Center for Reproductive Biology, University of Idaho, Moscow, Idaho.

Notes

Address correspondence to:Josh Boyce-Derricott, Ph.D.Department of Biological Sciences and Center for Reproductive BiologyUniversity of IdahoLife Science Building 252P.O. Box 443051Moscow, ID 83844E-mail: [email protected]

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No competing financial interests exist.

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