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Published Online: 3 May 2012

Color and Chemical Oxygen Demand Removal from Mature Semi-Aerobic Landfill Leachate Using Anion-Exchange Resin: An Equilibrium and Kinetic Study

Publication: Environmental Engineering Science
Volume 29, Issue Number 5

Abstract

Stabilized leachate generated from an aged sanitary landfill is typically classified as nonbiodegradable. The ion exchange technique has been rarely used for the treatment of stabilized landfill leachate, particularly for the removal of color and nonbiodegradable substances (measured as chemical oxygen demand [COD]). Thus, this study was undertaken to examine the effectiveness of anion-exchange resin (i.e., INDION FFIP MB) in removing color and COD from stabilized semi-aerobic landfill leachate in Malaysia. To predict the performance of the process, the effects of anion exchanger dosage, shaking speed, contact time, and pH on pollutant removal efficiency were investigated. Adsorption of color and COD was realistically explained through Langmuir and Freundlich isotherms. Adsorption kinetics mechanism was studied using reaction-based models. The anionic resin efficiently removed 91.2% color and 69.4% COD at pH 3 and removed only 69.4% color and 60.3% COD at pH 9. The color and COD adsorption data were fitted to the Langmuir and Freundlich isotherms. The monolayer adsorption capacity was found to be 15.2 Pt-Co/g for color and 3.7 mg/g for COD. Pseudo second-order model (R2>0.99) sufficiently described the adsorption kinetics, which indicates that the adsorption process was controlled by chemisorptions.

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Published In

cover image Environmental Engineering Science
Environmental Engineering Science
Volume 29Issue Number 5May 2012
Pages: 297 - 305

History

Published online: 3 May 2012
Published in print: May 2012
Published ahead of print: 2 November 2011
Accepted: 14 March 2011
Received: 20 June 2010

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    Mohammed J.K. Bashir
    School of Civil Engineering, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Nibong Tebal, Malaysia.
    Hamidi Abdul Aziz* [email protected]
    School of Civil Engineering, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Nibong Tebal, Malaysia.
    Mohd Suffian Yusoff
    School of Civil Engineering, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Nibong Tebal, Malaysia.
    Shuokr Qarani Aziz
    School of Civil Engineering, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Nibong Tebal, Malaysia.

    Notes

    *
    Corresponding author: School of Civil Engineering, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 14300 Nibong Tebal, Malaysia. Phone: +60-45996215; Fax: +60-45941009; E-mail: [email protected], [email protected]

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    The authors declare that no conflicting financial interests exist.

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