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Published Online: 1 December 2017

Partisan Gerrymandering and the Political Process: Effects on Roll-Call Voting and State Policies

Publication: Election Law Journal: Rules, Politics, and Policy
Volume 16, Issue Number 4

Abstract

Recent scholarship has documented the advantages of a new measure of partisan gerrymandering: the difference in the parties' wasted votes, divided by the total number of votes cast. This measure, known as the efficiency gap (EG), can be calculated directly from aggregate vote totals, facilitating comparison of the severity of party gerrymandering across states and time. In this article, we conduct the first analysis of the EG's effects on legislative representation and policymaking in the states. We first show that the partisan outcome of legislative elections has important causal effects on the ideological representation of individual districts, the ideological composition of legislative chambers, and the conservatism of state policymaking. We then show that variation in the EG across state-years is associated with systematic differences in the ideological location of the median state legislator and in the conservatism of state policies. These results suggest that partisan gerrymandering has major consequences not only for who wins elections but for the political process as a whole.

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cover image Election Law Journal: Rules, Politics, and Policy
Election Law Journal: Rules, Politics, and Policy
Volume 16Issue Number 4December 2017
Pages: 453 - 469

History

Published in print: December 2017
Published online: 1 December 2017
Published ahead of print: 11 August 2017

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Notes

Devin Caughey is an associate professor in the Department of Political Science at the Massashusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) in Cambridge, Massachusetts. Chris Tausanovitch is an assistant professor in the Department of Political Science at the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) in Los Angeles, California. Christopher Warshaw is an assistant professor in the Department of Political Science at George Washington University in Washington, DC.
Address correspondence to:Christopher WarshawDepartment of Political ScienceGeorge Washington University2115 G Street, N.W.Monroe Hall 440Washington, DC 20052E-mail: [email protected]

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