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Published Online: 17 December 2015

Assessment of Muscle Contractile Properties at Acute Moderate Altitude Through Tensiomyography

Publication: High Altitude Medicine & Biology
Volume 16, Issue Number 4


Morales-Artacho, Antonio J., Paulino Padial, Dario Rodríguez-Matoso, David Rodríguez-Ruiz, Amador García-Ramos, Juan Manuel García-Manso, Carmen Calderón, and Belén Feriche. Assessment of muscle contractile properties at acute moderate altitude through tensiomyography. High Alt Biol Med 16:343–349, 2015.—Under hypoxia, alterations in muscle contractile properties and faster fatigue development have been reported. This study investigated the efficacy of tensiomyography (TMG) in assessing muscle contractile function at acute moderate altitude. Biceps femoris (BF) and vastus lateralis (VL) muscles of 18 athletes (age 20.1 ± 6.1 years; body mass 65.4 ± 13.9 kg; height 174.6 ± 9.5 cm) were assessed at sea level and moderate altitude using electrically evoked contractions on two consecutive days. Maximum radial displacement (Dm), time of contraction (Tc), reaction time (Td), sustained contraction time (Ts), and relaxation time (Tr) were recorded at 40, 60, 80, and 100 mA. At altitude, VL showed lower Dm values at 40 mA (p = 0.008; ES = −0.237). Biceps femoris showed Dm decrements in all electrical stimulations (p < 0.001, ES > 0.61). In VL, Tc was longer at altitude at 40 (p = 0.031, ES = 0.56), and 100 mA (p = 0.03, ES = 0.51). Regarding Td, VL showed significant increases in all electrical intensities under hypoxia (p ≤ 0.03, ES ≥ 0.33). TMG appears effective at detecting slight changes in the muscle contractile properties at moderate altitude. Further research involving TMG along with other muscle function assessment methods is needed to provide additional insight into peripheral neuromuscular alterations at moderate altitude.

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Published In

cover image High Altitude Medicine & Biology
High Altitude Medicine & Biology
Volume 16Issue Number 4December 2015
Pages: 343 - 349
PubMed: 26562625


Published online: 17 December 2015
Published in print: December 2015
Published ahead of print: 12 November 2015
Accepted: 20 September 2015
Received: 22 July 2015


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    Antonio J. Morales-Artacho
    Department of Physical Education and Sport, Faculty of Sport Sciences, University of Granada, Granada, Spain.
    Paulino Padial
    Department of Physical Education and Sport, Faculty of Sport Sciences, University of Granada, Granada, Spain.
    Dario Rodríguez-Matoso
    University of Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Gran Canaria, Spain.
    David Rodríguez-Ruiz
    University of Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Gran Canaria, Spain.
    Amador García-Ramos
    Department of Physical Education and Sport, Faculty of Sport Sciences, University of Granada, Granada, Spain.
    Juan Manuel García-Manso
    University of Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Gran Canaria, Spain.
    Carmen Calderón
    Sport Performance Centre of Sierra Nevada, Granada, Spain.
    Belén Feriche
    Department of Physical Education and Sport, Faculty of Sport Sciences, University of Granada, Granada, Spain.


    Address correspondence to:Antonio J. Morales-Artacho, MScFaculty of Sports SciencesUniversity of GranadaCarretera de Alfacar, s/n18011 GranadaSpain
    E-mail: [email protected]

    Author Disclosure Statement

    The authors have no financial conflicts of interest to disclose. This study was supported by the Spanish Ministry of Science and Education (FPU13/04801).

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