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Published Online: 5 April 2012

Diabetes Management via Mobile Phones: A Systematic Review

Publication: Telemedicine and e-Health
Volume 18, Issue Number 3

Abstract

Background: This study sought to understand the most common uses and functions of mobile phones in monitoring and managing diabetes, their potential role in a clinical setting, and the current state of research in this area. Methods: We identified peer-reviewed articles published between 2000 and 2010. Twenty-one articles were analyzed for this systematic literature review. Results: The majority of studies examined the use of mobile phones from the patient's perspective. Subjects with type 1 diabetes were enrolled exclusively in over 50% of the studies. Seventy-one percent of the studies used a study-specific application, which had supplemental features in addition to text messaging. The outcomes assessed varied considerably across studies, but some positive trends were noted, such as improved self-efficacy, hemoglobin A1c, and self-management behaviors. Conclusions: The studies evaluated showed promise in using mobile phones to help people with diabetes manage their condition effectively. However, many of these studies lacked sufficient sample sizes or intervention lengths to determine whether the results might be clinically or statistically significant. Future research should examine other key issues, such as provider perceptions, integration into a healthcare practice, and cost, which would provide important insight into the use of mobile phones for chronic disease management.

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Information & Authors

Information

Published In

cover image Telemedicine and e-Health
Telemedicine and e-Health
Volume 18Issue Number 3April 2012
Pages: 175 - 184
PubMed: 22356525

History

Published online: 5 April 2012
Published in print: April 2012
Published ahead of print: 22 February 2012
Accepted: 26 July 2011
Revision received: 25 July 2011
Received: 15 June 2011

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Bree Holtz, Ph.D.
Center for Clinical Management Research, Veteran Affairs Ann Arbor Health Care System, Ann Arbor, Michigan.
Carolyn Lauckner, B.A.
Telecommunications, Information Studies & Media, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan.

Notes

Address correspondence to:Bree Holtz, Ph.D.HSR&DCenter for Clinical Management ResearchVeteran Affairs Ann Arbor Health Care System2215 Fuller RoadAnn Arbor, MI 48105E-mail: [email protected]

Disclosure Statement

No competing financial interests exist.

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